Oracle RAC学习笔记02-RAC维护工具集

RAC维护工具集

本文实验环境:

10.2.0.5 Clusterware + RAC

11.2.0.4 GI + RAC

通过对比命令的输出,也可大致了解10g RAC 到 11g RAC 发生的变化。

1.节点层

**1) olsnodes**
olsnodes: 列出集群中所有的节点。

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb28 ~]$ olsnodes -h
Usage: olsnodes [-n] [-p] [-i] [<node> | -l] [-g] [-v]
where
-n print node number with the node name
-p print private interconnect name with the node name
-i print virtual IP name with the node name
<node> print information for the specified node
-l print information for the local node
-g turn on logging
-v run in verbose mode

11g(11.2.0.4):

[grid@oradb23 ~]$ olsnodes -h
Usage: olsnodes [ [-n] [-i] [-s] [-t] [<node> | -l [-p]] | [-c] ] [-g] [-v]
where
-n print node number with the node name
-p print private interconnect address for the local node
-i print virtual IP address with the node name
<node> print information for the specified node
-l print information for the local node
-s print node status - active or inactive
-t print node type - pinned or unpinned
-g turn on logging
-v Run in debug mode; use at direction of Oracle Support only.
-c print clusterware name

2.网络层

公有网络和私有网络。
**1) oifcfg**
oifcfg: Oracle Interface配置工具。

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb28 ~]$ oifcfg

Name:
oifcfg - Oracle Interface Configuration Tool. Usage: oifcfg iflist [-p [-n]]
oifcfg setif {-node <nodename> | -global} {<if_name>/<subnet>:<if_type>}...
oifcfg getif [-node <nodename> | -global] [ -if <if_name>[/<subnet>] [-type <if_type>] ]
oifcfg delif [-node <nodename> | -global] [<if_name>[/<subnet>]]
oifcfg [-help] <nodename> - name of the host, as known to a communications network
<if_name> - name by which the interface is configured in the system
<subnet> - subnet address of the interface
<if_type> - type of the interface { cluster_interconnect | public | storage }

11g(11.2.0.4):

[grid@oradb23 ~]$ oifcfg

Name:
oifcfg - Oracle Interface Configuration Tool. Usage: oifcfg iflist [-p [-n]]
oifcfg setif {-node <nodename> | -global} {<if_name>/<subnet>:<if_type>}...
oifcfg getif [-node <nodename> | -global] [ -if <if_name>[/<subnet>] [-type <if_type>] ]
oifcfg delif {{-node <nodename> | -global} [<if_name>[/<subnet>]] [-force] | -force}
oifcfg [-help] <nodename> - name of the host, as known to a communications network
<if_name> - name by which the interface is configured in the system
<subnet> - subnet address of the interface
<if_type> - type of the interface { cluster_interconnect | public }

2) x$ksxpia

集群的网络信息。

SQL> select * from x$ksxpia;

10g(10.2.0.5):

SQL> select * from x$ksxpia;

ADDR                   INDX    INST_ID PUB_KSXPIA PICKED_KSXPIA                       NAME_KSXPIA     IP_KSXPIA
---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------------------------- --------------- ----------------
00002AFCDBB29FB8 0 2 N OCR eth1 10.10.10.28
00002AFCDBB29FB8 1 2 Y OCR eth0 192.168.1.28

11g(11.2.0.4):

SQL> select * from x$ksxpia;

ADDR                   INDX    INST_ID PUB_KSXPIA PICKED_KSXPIA                       NAME_KSXPIA     IP_KSXPIA
---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------------------------------- --------------- ----------------
00007F2490C58CE0 0 1 N GPnP eth1:1 169.254.142.42
00007F2490C58CE0 1 1 Y GPnP eth0 192.168.1.23
00007F2490C58CE0 2 1 Y GPnP eth0:1 192.168.1.53
00007F2490C58CE0 3 1 Y GPnP eth0:2 192.168.1.60

发现11.2.0.4版本,内网地址是169.254.xx.xx,是HAIP特性。

另外11.2.0.4版本,会把自己节点的vip和scan vip也查询出来。

3.集群层

crsctl;
ocrcheck, ocrdump, ocrconfig;
crs_profile, crs_register, crs_start, crs_stat, crs_relocate, crs_stop, crs_unregister;

1) crsctl

--检查整个CRS栈

crsctl check crs

--检查votedisk磁盘位置

crsctl query css votedisk

--查看css misscount

crsctl get css misscount

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ crsctl check crs
CSS appears healthy
CRS appears healthy
EVM appears healthy
[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ crsctl query css votedisk
0. 0 /dev/raw/raw3
1. 0 /dev/raw/raw4
2. 0 /dev/raw/raw5 located 3 votedisk(s).
[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ crsctl get css misscount
60[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ --crsctl 命令的帮助选项
[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ crsctl
Usage: crsctl check crs - checks the viability of the CRS stack
crsctl check cssd - checks the viability of CSS
crsctl check crsd - checks the viability of CRS
crsctl check evmd - checks the viability of EVM
crsctl set css <parameter> <value> - sets a parameter override
crsctl get css <parameter> - gets the value of a CSS parameter
crsctl unset css <parameter> - sets CSS parameter to its default
crsctl query css votedisk - lists the voting disks used by CSS
crsctl add css votedisk <path> - adds a new voting disk
crsctl delete css votedisk <path> - removes a voting disk
crsctl enable crs - enables startup for all CRS daemons
crsctl disable crs - disables startup for all CRS daemons
crsctl start crs - starts all CRS daemons.
crsctl stop crs - stops all CRS daemons. Stops CRS resources in case of cluster.
crsctl start resources - starts CRS resources.
crsctl stop resources - stops CRS resources.
crsctl debug statedump evm - dumps state info for evm objects
crsctl debug statedump crs - dumps state info for crs objects
crsctl debug statedump css - dumps state info for css objects
crsctl debug log css [module:level]{,module:level} ...
- Turns on debugging for CSS
crsctl debug log crs [module:level]{,module:level} ...
- Turns on debugging for CRS
crsctl debug log evm [module:level]{,module:level} ...
- Turns on debugging for EVM
crsctl debug log res <resname:level> turns on debugging for resources
crsctl query crs softwareversion [<nodename>] - lists the version of CRS software installed
crsctl query crs activeversion - lists the CRS software operating version
crsctl lsmodules css - lists the CSS modules that can be used for debugging
crsctl lsmodules crs - lists the CRS modules that can be used for debugging
crsctl lsmodules evm - lists the EVM modules that can be used for debugging If necesary any of these commands can be run with additional tracing by
adding a "trace" argument at the very front.
Example: crsctl trace check css

11g(11.2.0.4)

[grid@oradb23 ~]$ crsctl check crs
CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
[grid@oradb23 ~]$ crsctl query css votedisk
## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group
-- ----- ----------------- --------- ---------
1. ONLINE 03e741c03bbe4f4ebfe09d4ef5ec3ac8 (/dev/asm-diska) [OCR]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
[grid@oradb23 ~]$ crsctl get css misscount
CRS-4678: Successful get misscount 30 for Cluster Synchronization Services. --crsctl 命令的帮助选项
[grid@oradb23 ~]$ crsctl
Usage: crsctl <command> <object> [<options>]
command: enable|disable|config|start|stop|relocate|replace|status|add|delete|modify|getperm|setperm|check|set|get|unset|debug|lsmodules|query|pin|unpin|discover|release|request
For complete usage, use:
crsctl [-h | --help]
For detailed help on each command and object and its options use:
crsctl <command> <object> -h e.g. crsctl relocate resource -h

--crsctl lsmodules

crsctl lsmodules css

crsctl lsmodules crs

crsctl lsmodules evm

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ crsctl lsmodules css
The following are the CSS modules ::
CSSD
COMMCRS
COMMNS

11g(11.2.0.4):

[root@oradb23 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl lsmodules css
List CSSD Debug Module: CLSF
List CSSD Debug Module: CSSD
List CSSD Debug Module: GIPCCM
List CSSD Debug Module: GIPCGM
List CSSD Debug Module: GIPCNM
List CSSD Debug Module: GPNP
List CSSD Debug Module: OLR
List CSSD Debug Module: SKGFD

--以下需要使用root用户执行:

--配置CRS栈是否自动启动:
crsctl disable crs
crsctl enable crs --关闭/启动crs
crsctl stop crs
crsctl start crs

--11g的 crsctl start cluster 和 crsctl start crs区别:

crsctl start/stop crs - Manage start/stop the entire Oracle Clusterware stack on a node, including the OHASD process, this command is to be used only on the local node..

crsctl start/stop cluster - Manage start/stop the Oracle Clusterware stack on local node if you do not specify either -all or -n and nodes remote if option -n or -all be specified , NOT including the OHASD process. You can't start/stop clusterware stack without OHASD process running.

Despite crsctl start/stop crs manage entire Oracle Clusterware stack on local node crsctl start/stop crs not allow you to manage remote nodes, unlike crsctl start/stop cluster that allows you to manage all the nodes, but if the process OASH is runing.

To manage Oracle Clusterware Stack on remote nodes, the ohasd (Oracle High Availability Services Daemon) must be running on all managed nodes. (i.e using crsctl start cluster -n , )

Then if you try use crsctl start cluster -n node1,node2 and your local node is node1 and on node1 or node2 OHASD not running this command will fails.

--ocrcheck, ocrdump, ocrconfig

2) ocrcheck

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 2
Total space (kbytes) : 130792
Used space (kbytes) : 3840
Available space (kbytes) : 126952
ID : 1298978498
Device/File Name : /dev/raw/raw1
Device/File integrity check succeeded
Device/File Name : /dev/raw/raw2
Device/File integrity check succeeded Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

11g(11.2.0.4):

--grid
[grid@oradb23 ~]$ ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 3
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3100
Available space (kbytes) : 259020
ID : 1687103331
Device/File Name : +OCR
Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check bypassed due to non-privileged user --root
[root@oradb23 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
Version : 3
Total space (kbytes) : 262120
Used space (kbytes) : 3100
Available space (kbytes) : 259020
ID : 1687103331
Device/File Name : +OCR
Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded

3) ocrdump

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ ocrdump -h
Name:
ocrdump - Dump contents of Oracle Cluster Registry to a file. Synopsis:
ocrdump [<filename>|-stdout] [-backupfile <backupfilename>] [-keyname <keyname>] [-xml] [-noheader] Description:
Default filename is OCRDUMPFILE. Examples are: prompt> ocrdump
writes cluster registry contents to OCRDUMPFILE in the current directory prompt> ocrdump MYFILE
writes cluster registry contents to MYFILE in the current directory prompt> ocrdump -stdout -keyname SYSTEM
writes the subtree of SYSTEM in the cluster registry to stdout prompt> ocrdump -stdout -xml
writes cluster registry contents to stdout in xml format Notes:
The header information will be retrieved based on best effort basis.
A log file will be created in
$ORACLE_HOME/log/<hostname>/client/ocrdump_<pid>.log. Make sure
you have file creation privileges in the above directory before
running this tool.

11g(11.2.0.4)

[grid@oradb23 ~]$ ocrdump -h
Name:
ocrdump - Dump contents of Oracle Cluster/Local Registry to a file. Synopsis:
ocrdump [-local] [<filename>|-stdout] [-backupfile <backupfilename>] [-keyname <keyname>] [-xml] [-noheader] Description:
Default filename is OCRDUMPFILE. Examples are: prompt> ocrdump
writes cluster registry contents to OCRDUMPFILE in the current directory prompt> ocrdump MYFILE
writes cluster registry contents to MYFILE in the current directory prompt> ocrdump -stdout -keyname SYSTEM
writes the subtree of SYSTEM in the cluster registry to stdout prompt> ocrdump -local -stdout -xml
writes local registry contents to stdout in xml format prompt> ocrdump -backupfile /oracle/CRSHOME/backup.ocr -stdout -xml
writes registry contents in the backup file to stdout in xml format Notes:
The header information will be retrieved based on best effort basis.
A log file will be created in
$ORACLE_HOME/log/<hostname>/client/ocrdump_<pid>.log. Make sure
you have file creation privileges in the above directory before
running this tool.
Use option '-local' to indicate that the operation is to be performed on the Oracle Local Registry.

4) ocrconfig

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ ocrconfig
Name:
ocrconfig - Configuration tool for Oracle Cluster Registry. Synopsis:
ocrconfig [option]
option:
-export <filename> [-s online]
- Export cluster register contents to a file
-import <filename> - Import cluster registry contents from a file
-upgrade [<user> [<group>]]
- Upgrade cluster registry from previous version
-downgrade [-version <version string>]
- Downgrade cluster registry to the specified version
-backuploc <dirname> - Configure periodic backup location
-showbackup - Show backup information
-restore <filename> - Restore from physical backup
-replace ocr|ocrmirror [<filename>] - Add/replace/remove a OCR device/file
-overwrite - Overwrite OCR configuration on disk
-repair ocr|ocrmirror <filename> - Repair local OCR configuration
-help - Print out this help information Note:
A log file will be created in
$ORACLE_HOME/log/<hostname>/client/ocrconfig_<pid>.log. Please ensure
you have file creation privileges in the above directory before
running this tool.

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ ocrconfig
Name:
ocrconfig - Configuration tool for Oracle Cluster Registry. Synopsis:
ocrconfig [option]
option:
-export <filename> [-s online]
- Export cluster register contents to a file
-import <filename> - Import cluster registry contents from a file
-upgrade [<user> [<group>]]
- Upgrade cluster registry from previous version
-downgrade [-version <version string>]
- Downgrade cluster registry to the specified version
-backuploc <dirname> - Configure periodic backup location
-showbackup - Show backup information
-restore <filename> - Restore from physical backup
-replace ocr|ocrmirror [<filename>] - Add/replace/remove a OCR device/file
-overwrite - Overwrite OCR configuration on disk
-repair ocr|ocrmirror <filename> - Repair local OCR configuration
-help - Print out this help information Note:
A log file will be created in
$ORACLE_HOME/log/<hostname>/client/ocrconfig_<pid>.log. Please ensure
you have file creation privileges in the above directory before
running this tool.

5) private IP 修改(注意:10g 和 11g操作不一样)

RAC后期变更,绑定网卡时:

11g 需要先oifcfg setif -global 新网卡名称/subnet:cluster_interconnect

./oifcfg setif -global bond1/10.10.10.0:cluster_interconnect

而10g 可以在变更后改。

6) 11.2.0.4 haip

res ora.cluster_interconnect.haip

如何禁用HAIP?

如何查看当前HAIP状态?

4.应用层

**1) 查看配置:**
srvctl config

eg: srvctl config database -d xxx -a

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl config database -d jyrac -a
oradb27 jyrac1 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/dbhome_1
oradb28 jyrac2 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/dbhome_1
DB_UNIQUE_NAME: jyrac
DB_NAME: null
ORACLE_HOME: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/dbhome_1
SPFILE: null
DOMAIN: null
DB_ROLE: null
START_OPTIONS: null
POLICY: AUTOMATIC
ENABLE FLAG: DB ENABLED [oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl config -h
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config -p <dbname> -n <node>
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config -V

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl config database -d jyzhao -a
数据库唯一名称: jyzhao
数据库名:
Oracle 主目录: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Oracle 用户: oracle
Spfile:
域:
启动选项: open
停止选项: immediate
数据库角色: PRIMARY
管理策略: AUTOMATIC
服务器池: jyzhao
数据库实例: jyzhao1,jyzhao2
磁盘组: DATA,FRA
装载点路径:
服务:
类型: RAC
数据库已启用
数据库是管理员管理的 [oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl config -h SRVCTL config 命令显示存储在 OCR 中的对象配置。 用法: srvctl config database [-d <db_unique_name> [-a] ] [-v]
用法: srvctl config service -d <db_unique_name> [-s <service_name>] [-v]
用法: srvctl config nodeapps [-a] [-g] [-s]
用法: srvctl config vip { -n <node_name> | -i <vip_name> }
用法: srvctl config network [-k <network_number>]
用法: srvctl config asm [-a]
用法: srvctl config listener [-l <lsnr_name>] [-a]
用法: srvctl config scan [-i <ordinal_number>]
用法: srvctl config scan_listener [-i <ordinal_number>]
用法: srvctl config srvpool [-g <pool_name>]
用法: srvctl config oc4j
用法: srvctl config filesystem -d <volume_device>
用法: srvctl config gns [-a] [-d] [-k] [-m] [-n <node_name>] [-p] [-s] [-V] [-q <name>] [-l] [-v]
用法: srvctl config cvu
有关各个命令和对象的详细帮助, 请使用:
srvctl <command> <object> -h
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config -p <dbname> -n <node>
Usage (for backward compatibility): srvctl config -V

2)添加资源:

srvctl add

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl add
Usage: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
command: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config
objects: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm|listener
For detailed help on each command and object and its options use:
srvctl <command> <object> -h

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl add -h

SRVCTL add 命令将配置和 Oracle Clusterware 应用程序添加到集群数据库, 指定实例, 指定服务或指定节点的 OCR。

用法: srvctl add database -d <db_unique_name> -o <oracle_home> [-c {RACONENODE | RAC | SINGLE} [-e <server_list>] [-i <inst_name>] [-w <timeout>]] [-m <domain_name>] [-p <spfile>] [-r {PRIMARY | PHYSICAL_STANDBY | LOGICAL_STANDBY | SNAPSHOT_STANDBY}] [-s <start_options>] [-t <stop_options>] [-n <db_name>] [-y {AUTOMATIC | MANUAL | NORESTART}] [-g \"<serverpool_list>\"] [-x <node_name>] [-a \"<diskgroup_list>\"] [-j \"<acfs_path_list>\"]
用法: srvctl add instance -d <db_unique_name> -i <inst_name> -n <node_name> [-f]
用法: srvctl add service -d <db_unique_name> -s <service_name> {-r "<preferred_list>" [-a "<available_list>"] [-P {BASIC | NONE | PRECONNECT}] | -g <pool_name> [-c {UNIFORM | SINGLETON}] } [-k <net_num>] [-l [PRIMARY][,PHYSICAL_STANDBY][,LOGICAL_STANDBY][,SNAPSHOT_STANDBY]] [-y {AUTOMATIC | MANUAL}] [-q {TRUE|FALSE}] [-x {TRUE|FALSE}] [-j {SHORT|LONG}] [-B {NONE|SERVICE_TIME|THROUGHPUT}] [-e {NONE|SESSION|SELECT}] [-m {NONE|BASIC}] [-z <failover_retries>] [-w <failover_delay>] [-t <edition>] [-f]
用法: srvctl add service -d <db_unique_name> -s <service_name> -u {-r "<new_pref_inst>" | -a "<new_avail_inst>"} [-f]
用法: srvctl add nodeapps { { -n <node_name> -A <name|ip>/<netmask>/[if1[|if2...]] } | { -S <subnet>/<netmask>/[if1[|if2...]] } } [-e <em-port>] [-l <ons-local-port>] [-r <ons-remote-port>] [-t <host>[:<port>][,<host>[:<port>]...]] [-v]
用法: srvctl add vip -n <node_name> -k <network_number> -A <name|ip>/<netmask>/[if1[|if2...]] [-v]
用法: srvctl add network [-k <net_num>] -S <subnet>/<netmask>/[if1[|if2...]] [-w <network_type>] [-v]
用法: srvctl add asm [-l <lsnr_name>]
用法: srvctl add listener [-l <lsnr_name>] [-s] [-p "[TCP:]<port>[, ...][/IPC:<key>][/NMP:<pipe_name>][/TCPS:<s_port>] [/SDP:<port>]"] [-o <oracle_home>] [-k <net_num>]
用法: srvctl add scan -n <scan_name> [-k <network_number>] [-S <subnet>/<netmask>[/if1[|if2|...]]]
用法: srvctl add scan_listener [-l <lsnr_name_prefix>] [-s] [-p [TCP:]<port>[/IPC:<key>][/NMP:<pipe_name>][/TCPS:<s_port>] [/SDP:<port>]]
用法: srvctl add srvpool -g <pool_name> [-l <min>] [-u <max>] [-i <importance>] [-n "<server_list>"] [-f]
用法: srvctl add oc4j [-v]
用法: srvctl add filesystem -d <volume_device> -v <volume_name> -g <dg_name> [-m <mountpoint_path>] [-u <user>]
用法: srvctl add gns -d <domain> -i <vip_name|ip> [-v]
用法: srvctl add cvu [-t <check_interval_in_minutes>]
有关各个命令和对象的详细帮助, 请使用:
srvctl <command> <object> -h

3)启用/禁用资源自动启动

srvctl enable/disable

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl enable
Usage: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
command: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config
objects: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm|listener
For detailed help on each command and object and its options use:
srvctl <command> <object> -h

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl enable
用法: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
命令: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config|convert|upgrade
对象: database|instance|service|nodeapps|vip|network|asm|diskgroup|listener|srvpool|server|scan|scan_listener|oc4j|home|filesystem|gns|cvu
有关各个命令和对象的详细帮助, 请使用:
srvctl <command> -h 或
srvctl <command> <object> -h

4)删除资源:

srvctl remove

使用remove命令删除的只是对象在OCR中的定义信息,对象本身不会被删除,之后还可以通过add命令重新添加到OCR中。

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl remove
Usage: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
command: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config
objects: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm|listener
For detailed help on each command and object and its options use:
srvctl <command> <object> -h

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl remove
用法: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
命令: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config|convert|upgrade
对象: database|instance|service|nodeapps|vip|network|asm|diskgroup|listener|srvpool|server|scan|scan_listener|oc4j|home|filesystem|gns|cvu
有关各个命令和对象的详细帮助, 请使用:
srvctl <command> -h 或
srvctl <command> <object> -h

5)启动/关闭资源:

srvctl start

srvctl stop

10g(10.2.0.5):

[oracle@oradb27 ~]$ /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/crshome_1/bin/srvctl start
Usage: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
command: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config
objects: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm|listener
For detailed help on each command and object and its options use:
srvctl <command> <object> -h

11g(11.2.0.4):

[oracle@oradb23 ~]$ srvctl start
用法: srvctl <command> <object> [<options>]
命令: enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config|convert|upgrade
对象: database|instance|service|nodeapps|vip|network|asm|diskgroup|listener|srvpool|server|scan|scan_listener|oc4j|home|filesystem|gns|cvu
有关各个命令和对象的详细帮助, 请使用:
srvctl <command> -h 或
srvctl <command> <object> -h

6) 跟踪srvctl

export SRVM_TRACE=true

再次执行srvctl相关命令,会显示出跟踪信息。

7) local_listener

在11.2.0.4版本的默认设置为本地vip的地址,在10.2.0.5默认没有配置local_listener。但我们可以手工设置。

LOCAL_LISTENER specifies a network name that resolves to an address or address list of Oracle Net local listeners (that is, listeners that are running on the same machine as this instance). The address or address list is specified in the TNSNAMES.ORA file or other address repository as configured for your system.

10g(10.2.0.5):

SQL> show parameter listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
local_listener string
remote_listener string LISTENERS_JYRAC --设置local_listener参数(对应ORA-12545错误):
alter system set local_listener='(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.67)(PORT=1521))' sid='jyrac1';
alter system set local_listener='(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.1.68)(PORT=1521))' sid='jyrac2';

11g(11.2.0.4):

SQL> show parameter listener

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
listener_networks string
local_listener string (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=
192.168.1.53)(PORT=1521))
remote_listener string oradb-scan:1521

Reference

- 张晓明. 大话Oracle RAC[M]. 人民邮电出版社, 2011.
- 张晓明. 大话Oracle Grid[M]. 人民邮电出版社, 2014.

Oracle RAC学习笔记02-RAC维护工具集的更多相关文章

  1. Oracle RAC学习笔记01-集群理论

    Oracle RAC学习笔记01-集群理论 1.集群相关理论概述 2.Oracle Clusterware 3.Oracle RAC 原理 写在前面: 最近一直在看张晓明的大话Oracle RAC,真 ...

  2. Oracle RAC学习笔记:基本概念及入门

    Oracle RAC学习笔记:基本概念及入门 2010年04月19日 10:39 来源:书童的博客 作者:书童 编辑:晓熊 [技术开发 技术文章]    oracle 10g real applica ...

  3. RAC学习笔记

    RAC学习笔记 ReactiveCocoa(简称为RAC),是由Github开源的一个应用于iOS和OS开发的新框架,Cocoa是苹果整套框架的简称,因此很多苹果框架喜欢以Cocoa结尾. 在学习Re ...

  4. Oracle基础学习笔记

    Oracle基础学习笔记 最近找到一份实习工作,有点头疼的是,有阶段性考核,这...,实际想想看,大学期间只学过数据库原理,并没有针对某一数据库管理系统而系统的学习,这正好是一个机会,于是乎用了三天时 ...

  5. Redis:学习笔记-02

    Redis:学习笔记-02 该部分内容,参考了 bilibili 上讲解 Redis 中,观看数最多的课程 Redis最新超详细版教程通俗易懂,来自 UP主 遇见狂神说 4. 事物 Redis 事务本 ...

  6. 软件测试之loadrunner学习笔记-02集合点

    loadrunner学习笔记-02集合点 集合点函数可以帮助我们生成有效可控的并发操作.虽然在Controller中多用户负载的Vuser是一起开始运行脚本的,但是由于计算机的串行处理机制,脚本的运行 ...

  7. [Oracle]OWI学习笔记--001

    [Oracle]OWI学习笔记--001 在 OWI 的概念里面,最为重要的是 等待事件 和 等待时间. 等待事件发生时,需要通过 P1,P2,P3 查看具体的资源. 可以通过 v$session_w ...

  8. golang学习笔记5 用bee工具创建项目 bee工具简介

    golang学习笔记5 用bee工具创建项目 bee工具简介 Bee 工具的使用 - beego: 简约 & 强大并存的 Go 应用框架https://beego.me/docs/instal ...

  9. 机器学习实战(Machine Learning in Action)学习笔记————02.k-邻近算法(KNN)

    机器学习实战(Machine Learning in Action)学习笔记————02.k-邻近算法(KNN) 关键字:邻近算法(kNN: k Nearest Neighbors).python.源 ...

随机推荐

  1. (C#)利用Aspose.Cells组件导入导出excel文件

    Aspose.Cells组件可以不依赖excel来导入导出excel文件: 导入: public static System.Data.DataTable ReadExcel(String strFi ...

  2. Memcached源码分析之线程模型

    作者:Calix 一)模型分析 memcached到底是如何处理我们的网络连接的? memcached通过epoll(使用libevent,下面具体再讲)实现异步的服务器,但仍然使用多线程,主要有两种 ...

  3. 浅谈MySQL分表

    关于分表:顾名思义就是一张数据量很大的表拆分成几个表分别进行存储. 我们先来大概了解以下一个数据库执行SQL的过程: 接收到SQL --> 放入SQL执行队列 --> 使用分析器分解SQL ...

  4. sqlserver递归查询

    --递归查询 with cte as ( ' union all select k.id,k.Text, k.name,k.pid from Menu k inner join cte c on c. ...

  5. js动画学习笔记

    <html> <head> <meta charest="utf-8"> <title>test</title> < ...

  6. [题解]bzoj 1861 Book 书架 - Splay

    1861: [Zjoi2006]Book 书架 Time Limit: 4 Sec  Memory Limit: 64 MBSubmit: 1396  Solved: 803[Submit][Stat ...

  7. 学习笔记::LCT

    今天听见茹大神20分钟讲完了LCT,10分钟讲完平衡树,5分钟讲完树剖,感觉自己智商还不及他一半... 还有很多不懂:2017/1/15 的理解: access是干什么用的? 不知道,只知道他是用来把 ...

  8. db2 将原表列notnull属性修改为null属性的方法 (查看主键约束,唯一约束去syscat.tabconst)

    好久没机会写点东西了,今天把自己遇到的一个小问题跟大家分享一下如何修改db2数据库表中列的属性--将列的非空属性改为允许空的属性,修改数据表的某一列属性其实很简单但是里面有需要细节需要dba注意,毕竟 ...

  9. 堡垒机--paramiko模块

    做堡垒机之前,来了解一下paramiko模块. 实际上底层封装的SSH. SSHclient(1) import paramiko #实例化一个ssh ssh = paramiko.SSHClient ...

  10. centos command中 * . 的重要性

    錯誤    cp /home/test1/* /home/test2/ –a          用參數*將不可以複製linux中.開頭的隱藏文件 正確    cp /home/test1/. home ...